America Continues to insist on having the highest incarceration The world’s rates Juvenile Justice, however, is a brighter picture.
Author Jeff Hobbs’, whose last piece The Short Tragic Life Of Robert Peace He was widely acclaimed and has now written a book about the subject. America’s juvenile justice system.
Children The State: Stories Of Survival Hope The Juvenile Justice System The history of the evolution of America’s juvenile justice system — but it is primarily about people, not statistics. Many The statistics are depressing and the results grim. America’s Penal system is excessively punitive, infected from racism, and not geared towards rehabilitation. Hobbs writes.
Most Crimes are a matter for the state and not the federal government. Dispensing “justice” In 50 states, there are institutions and courts. District Of Columbia, and myriad other sub-governmental entities like counties and municipalities. Depending Depending on where the crime was committed, the offender might be subject to the death penalty or will receive a shorter or longer sentence. Legal The definitions of crime in the United States vary greatly.
Though The utterly tardiveness of the process is a red flag. Supreme Court In 2005, juvenile executions were banned.https://www.nytimes.com/2005/03/01/politics/supreme-court-bars-death-penalty-for-juvenile-killers.html?searchResultPosition=7″>acknowledging “the overwhelming weight of international opinion against the juvenile death penalty.” And The number of youth incarcerated 77% decrease from According to the U.S., 2000 to 2020 Office Of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention. These While these are great steps, it is not enough to save lives or families for those still incarcerated. Hobbs.
Hobbs The story is told from three perspectives. In The book’s first third, called “Residence,” He follows Josiah Wright, a young Black Man from Wilmington After 11 months of detention, he is released but receives a more severe sentence for violating parole. (TechnicallyDetention is for minors, while prisons are only for adults. For Behind bars people can sometimes be treated the same as anyone else. Escalating Violation of parole can lead to severe penalties, even for very minor offenses. America’s High incarceration rates
Hobbs Follow these steps Josiah He takes his peers to classes, visits them after they are released and listens to what they have to say. All Only a small number of these young people are available. Black Brown or white SomeIncludes JosiahAs teenagers, I make stupid and impulsive decision. The These kids are different from their peers on the “outside” There are two main causes: deep childhood trauma and low-income parents who cannot help their children because it is difficult to provide food for them. Wealthier Parents whose children make the same stupid or impulsive decisions as theirs have the ability to access resources including financial and legal tools and social connections that can help keep their kids out the system.
In The book’s middle section. “Education,” Hobbs Homes for sale on the Woodside Learning Center In San Francisco. “Depression was one of the most prevalent afflictions at Woodside. Young people thrived on connection yet were also quick to retreat inward to … a protected space with their spirits: walled, hard, dark, much like the rooms in jail.”
Hobbs The article focuses specifically on adults charged with teaching and counseling young offenders. Woodside Several dedicated, caring employees with extensive experience in the system. They The institution can also cause problems with the people living in it. They When you are not consulted, they are almost non-existent San Francisco The government embarks on major efforts to reform and implement reforms. Woodside is given a closing day. Closing Legacy institutions are a goal of many juvenile justice advocates. But, without a constructive alternate, closure could repeat existing flaws in the system. Hobbs notes.
In The final section of the book is entitled “Exile,” Hobbs Spends time at Exalt Youth?, New York City Agency that assists youth in the juvenile justice process to get jobs and internships. This This is a vital job, and there are some young people who get started in potential careers. But Many of them find it difficult to cope with the challenges of working in such a foreign world (read: white and wealthy), or are not prepared academically or have no internships. Depression and self-destructive behaviors can be overwhelming.
Throughout, Hobbs Instead of writing advocacy, let his characters tell the story. With His research is admirable and he does an amazing job bringing out the humanity in his subjects. The reader cares about these people — adults and young people alike — and wants them to succeed. SadlyHowever, it is rare that this happens.
Hobbs It is concluded that America’s Youth incarceration system “is convoluted, flawed, and above all intractably mired in generations of seesawing, opportunistic, naïve, racist thought — but, for the time being, it is incrementally improving and being redesigned, with deeper concern for the individual.”
Hobbs It doesn’t end there. He Writes that “the humans within the system, both those tasked with operating its many layers and those subject to its labyrinthine laws — [are] impassioned, benevolent, weary, admirable, and truthful. Above all, I’ve found young people incarcerated, even for truly heinous acts, to be redeemable…”
If Only redemption was the ultimate goal America’s penal system.