There is no greater joy than getting the perfect gel polish manicure — imagine those beautifully shaped nails with the perfect nail paint! HoweverThis obsession with perfect nails could pose a risk to your health.
A study published in Nature Communications Researchers have now discovered that UV nail polish dryers used for gel manicures can damage DNA, causing cancer-causing mutations in the cells.
The gel manicure UV light dryers will be our generation’s cigarettes
— Mrs. Alex Turner (@PlaygrlSari) January 15, 2023
Let’s take a closer look at what the study has revealed and if we should forgo such manicures?
What The study concluded
Researchers At the University Of California At San Diego University Of Pittsburgh Human and mouse cell lines were exposed to ultraviolet light from nail dryers. The Findings showed that 20-30% of the cells perished after a 20-minute exposure. The same thing happened after three consecutive 20 minute exposures. 65-70% of the cells perished after these exposures.
Senior author Ludmil Alexandrov According to researchers, the study did not prove that dryers cause an increase in cancer risk. Scientists To quantify changes in cancer risk among the general population, a large-scale epidemiological survey would be required.
“But we very clearly see that it does negatively affect cells, and it damages DNA,” AlexandrovUC-UC San Diego, associate professor of cellular medicine and molecular medicineSan Diego.
The Study also showed that UV light may cause DNA damage over time. “We also saw that some of the DNA damage does not get repaired over time, and lead to mutations after every exposure with a UV-nail polish dryer. Lastly, we saw that exposure may cause mitochondrial dysfunction, which may also result in additional mutations. We looked at patients with skin cancers, and we see the exact same patterns of mutations in these patients that were seen in the irradiated cells,” Alexandrov About the study and the results.
WaitHow are manicures connected to UV lights?
For A gel manicure, for the uninitiated is a service that uses a gel based polish. Nail Gel manicures are more durable than regular ones and have been praised by artists. While Regular polish can chip in as little as 2 to 3 days. Gels, however, last for many weeks. Besides Gel manicures last longer and are more shiny.
Most Although the steps involved in a gel manicure look the same as the original, the gel nail is applied to the nails and then cured with an UV or LED light. This will help to keep it in place for long-lasting wear. Each Gel polish must be dried for between 30 and 60 seconds.
It is this step that has raised concerns among many — the exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
Dr Chris Adigun, a dermatologist in Chapel Hill, North CarolinaDr. Judith, a specialist in nail disorders, explained Today.com, “Gels, by definition, need a UVA exposure to polymerise. So if there’s no UVA, there is no gel manicure.”
The UVA rays have the longest wavelength range of UV radiation and are most likely to cause skin cancer. They penetrate skin deeper than UVB and play a role in skin damage such as sun spots and wrinkles.
Concerns about UV light
Exposure UV light has many health risks. These have been reported in the past. New York-based dermatologists Dr Joshua ZeichnerMD. Dr. Michael A. Smith explains that excessive ultraviolet light exposure, even from a nail polish drying device, can increase the likelihood of premature skin ageing. The skin on the hand is also thinner than other parts of the body, which means it’s able to lose elasticity faster and age at a much more rapid rate, he explained to Brides.com.
Dr Kavita Mariwalla, New York CityA board-certified dermatologist based in told InStyle that that though UV dryers may not be equivalent to sitting out in the sun unprotected, it’s still important to exercise some caution.
“Although a weekly or twice a month gel manicure in and of itself likely won’t cause skin cancer, if you are a regular and have been doing it for years and years then I think you may notice more freckling on your hands,” She notes.
How To prevent UV damage
Dermatologists Some precautions can be taken to lower your health risk. They suggest that people cover their hands and fingers with a garment that has a UPF (ultraviolet protection factor) rating, whether it’s a glove with the tips cut Off, a shirt or a scarf.
The American Academy of Dermatology Before you get a gel manicure, it is a good idea to apply broad-spectrum sunscreen that has an SPF of at least 30.
The Bottom line? Just remember that at the end of the day, you’re still exposing your hands to UV rays repeatedly when you go in for gel manicures. So maybe it’s time to limit the gel manicures to special occasions.
With Agency inputs