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Can 5G will be more affordable?

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The The fifth generation of mobile communications has arrived, 5G. We have enjoyed its benefits a lot. Increased throughput Operators were able to meet the ever-increasing demands. mobile data traffic.

This The so-called 5G First Wave uses the “non-standalone mode”This means that 5G is still dependent on existing 4G networks for coverage, control and management. Some of the more advanced features of 5G are not yet possible.

Operators We are currently working on the rollout the second wave 5G, which will operate independently from 4G.

Operators We are currently working on the second wave 5G rollout. This will allow for standalone operation, independent of 4G. Only this standalone mode will be able to reduce the latency of the network (the delay between the user’s data request and the actual delivery of that data) and will thus be able to support applications like augmented reality, e-health, and cooperative cars.

Another A benefit of standalone 5G, is the ability to set up private networks for specific applications, such industrial automation, in which robots and vehicles are controlled in real-time.

This time-sensitive communication requires high speed and reliability that today’s 4G and Wi-Fi Even though networks are state of the art they cannot deliver.

However, today’s 5G equipment is more expensive than its 4G counterpartEspecially the part called “radio access network” (RAN) is used to communicate between terminals via radio waves

Building Private 5G deployments can be very expensive.

Building Private 5G deployments can be very costly. MoreoverThere are currently only a few manufacturers producing RAN equipment. The products of these companies are proprietary and closed. It is difficult to adapt their products to the specific needs of private 5G networks.

Opening Up Radio Access Network Equipment

One The promising solution to these problems is “open RAN architecture”. This The traditional components of a RAN are broken down into smaller components, with clear interfaces between them. This “split architecture” Flexible deployments allow for more flexibility and can be adapted to different use case scenarios, such as low latency and high throughput.

FurtherOpen RAN design introduces the RAN (or RAN) concept. Intelligent Controller (RIC), which can control and optimize the RAN in an intelligent and agile way.

This It can be used, for example, to optimize quality of service for different user group with different needs (such as gaming or video streaming), and optimise network throughput via traffic steering or coverage optimization.

In Doing so, the ahref=”https://www.rcrwireless.com/20211104/open_ran/what-is-a-ran-intelligent-controller-ric”>intelligent The RAN feedback can be used by the controller to also benefit from it. Use machine learning and artificial Intelligence methods for optimization.

5G equipment in today’s time is much more expensive than its 4G counterpart. Pixabay

In Open RAN design. Interfaces between elements, real-time control, management and operation are all openly specified by standardisation bodies like the O-RAN Alliance The third generation partnership project 3GPP.

This It allows you to mix and match components from different vendors. This increases competition and reduces costs. It It also decreases the dependence of a customer on one vendor for products so that he can switch to another, possibly cheaper vendor.

Increased Open-source software

Another key advantage of the open RAN architecture is that all the elements — except for the radio unit — can be implemented as “virtual network functions” — that is, software — that can potentially run on general-purpose computing and networking environments, or even on the cloud.

Such Sometimes deployments are also called “virtualised RAN” Or “cloud RAN”. This It is possible to install such networks on existing IT infrastructure in factories, business parks, and hospitals. This is an important cost-saving measure.

Since Virtual network functions are essentially software. The next step is to use open source software to reduce costs. Open Source is already present in large numbers of mobile radio networks.

IndeedThe majority of smartphones used today are smartphones Android Operating system, which is open-source. Linux. There There are many other ahref=”https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389128620311786″>open-source Software available To manage and run cloud and telecom environments.

On The RAN’s side, the a href=”https://www.openairinterface.org”>OpenAirInterface (OAI) Project This is worth mentioning, as it is the most comprehensive implementation of 5G networks currently available. It allows you to run a complete system on general-purpose computing and radio infrastructure.

Initially This was created for research and academic use. It is now gaining considerable traction and is being used in some products. HoweverThere are still many things to do to make it compliant with O-RAN specifications and improve its stability so it can be deployed in real life.

OpenSoftware that is open-source makes it easy for start-ups and new players to enter the 5G market.

Open It is also possible to increase trust and security in mobile networks by using source. Most Open-source projects can only be managed by independent non-profits that constantly test and analyse the code to ensure security and functionality.

LastNot least, open-source software makes 5G easier for start-ups or new players, since they don’t need to build their products entirely and can take advantage of other contributions from the community.

More Start-ups will also bring more innovation and competition to the market, which will ultimately lower the prices of private 5G. Think The following describes how you can help. Android The creation of many new, cheaper smartphones and tablets was possible thanks to the open-source operating system.

Open RAN products are still in the infancy stage and are not ready for commercial deployments on a large scale, however there are promising field trials taking place in different parts.

For The example is the French Operator Orange A a href=”https://www.usinenouvelle.com/editorial/comment-orange-se-prepare-a-la-revolution-open-ran-des-reseaux-mobiles.N1795202″>experimental Open RAN network In Lannion Chatillon. Moreover, different studies It is expected that the open RAN marketplace will surpass the private RAN market for 5G networks As early as 2024, and public networks by 2030.

In Conclusion: Open RAN and open-source are a great combination for lowering the cost of 5G networks, while also allowing you to contribute to building sovereign networks that are not tied to any particular vendor.Explained Can 5G be made cheaper

This Article republished by The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read The Original article.

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